How to write a School Paper

日期:2019-06-30 / 人氣: / 發布者:譯聲翻譯公司

  These are general guidelines; as always, you should follow any specific instructions

  From your professor or TA.

  1. Description/Justification for your topic

  • Given the possible universe of things to research, why did you choose this topic?

  • How is your topic relevant to this course? That is, what themes or issues from the course will be central to your research?

  2. What is your Research Question?

  • If the assignment gives you a research question, you should obviously use it. but perhaps use a paragraph to consider the significance of the question; what answering it might help make sense of or illustrate course themes; how your response might gesture toward larger, more generalizable phenomenon; etc.

  • Writing a strong research question that is neither too narrow nor too broad is actually quite challenging. It is essential to get feedback from your TA or Professor to ensure that your question is in the right range.

  • For more empirical investigations, “why” questions are often a good place to start: for example, “Why did the UN support to creation of a Israeli state in

  1948?” or “Why were Democrats able to pass healthcare reform in 2010?”

  • For more theoretical investigations, questions might take a different form, such as “Do Socrates and Aristotle agree on the definition and content of virtue?

  What are the assumptions and implications of their definitions? Whose definition is better, and why?”

  • Make sure that there are enough sources on your topic that you can actually do research: if you are having difficulty locating sources, you may want to consider changing your question.

  3. Thesis Statement: Your Answer to the Research Question

  • You will need to do some research before you can even begin to offer an answer here. For your paper proposal, you just have to do enough research to figure out the puzzle that remains unanswered: that will be your research question, and given what you already know, you can formulate possible answers.

  • How do you explain the outcome that you are considering? (This is the dependent Variable. The DV is the thing that your IV is trying to explain.)

  • How did the event/movement/legislation you’ve chosen effect future events?

  (This is the Independent Variable (IV), which is one of many potential causes.

  In the hard sciences, the IV is the thing that YOU have control over.)

  • Should be brief – Make sure your thesis statement addresses your primary research (“why”) question.

  • Explain what you think happened and make sure to point toward causal mechanisms.

  4. Preview your argument

  • Clarify what steps you will take to address your topic: identify sub-arguments

  you need to prove your larger argument true.

  • Connect your theory to your examples – how will you measure things like corporate power or worker cooperation?

  • Make sure that these steps will logically support the claim you make in your thesis statement.

  • This should look like your outline in one paragraph – you are letting the reader

  in on how you’ve structured your argument.

  5. Provide a preliminary list of sources

  • Focus on scholarly (peer-reviewed) sources: instructors will usually specify how many and what kinds of sources are required at this stage.

  • For each source, explain how it contributes to your paper.

  • List any interviews you’ve done/plan to do.

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行業新聞相關問答
問:如何統計稿件的數量?
答:稿件均以電腦統計之中文字符數(不計空格)計算,不足千字按千字計算,證件類按件收費,無電子稿則采用人工計數并經客戶確認,計數標準與電腦計數相同;翻譯過程中對原文的修改要考慮在內。
問:互聯網時代,翻譯公司還有必要嗎
答:這也是我這個從業者比較愁的事情,我覺得有必要,但是得自身轉型,滿足不同客戶群的需求,互聯網翻譯解決的只是一部分需求,舉個簡單例子,詩詞歌賦互聯網短期內很難翻譯的那么富有感情。
問:翻譯公司一般是如何統計字數?
答:如果你自己是使用word統計字數,把標點符號和空格都計入翻譯字數。
問:你們能提供專業排版服務嗎?
答:可以。我們可以處理各類文件格式的專業排版服務,包括InDesign、QuarkXpress、Illustrator、FrameMaker、PageMaker、Freehand、CAD、Office、CorelDRAW、Photoshop等各類格式文件的桌面排版 (DTP)。
問:付款方式有哪些?
答:我們翻譯公司支持四種付款方式:1、銀行轉賬;2、網銀支付;3、支付寶支付;4、微信支付;5、 支票或現金支付。
問:翻譯也有售后服務嗎?
答:公司鄭重承諾無限期質保,為客戶提供貼心的售后服務,免費為該次稿件提供修正、勘誤服務,讓客戶委托更無后顧之憂。我們有專屬的客戶經理為您提供一對一服務。
問:請問貴司怎么安排譯員測試及是否隨便換譯員?
答:譯聲翻譯公司服務全部透明化,報價和測試稿的時候就是譯員實名制,之后的項目還是實名制,不打悶包,如果譯員發生了變動也必須告知客戶,提醒客戶注意審閱和反饋,旨在固定一個為每個長期客戶服務的最佳翻譯團隊,實現完全放心的外包。
問:理性看待翻譯公司的網站和測試稿?
答:百看不如一試,不管網站吹的多大,只要你接觸一下他們的客服人員,看看他們怎么報價,看一下他們的測試稿,你就能對他們有一個相對正確的認識。當然很多翻譯公司的銷售為了業績會在做測試稿的時候起用最好的譯者,拿下項目后真正用的譯者根本不是一回事,掛羊頭賣狗肉。注意甄別!
問:為什么大會交傳的價格這么高?
答:會議口譯層次上的交替傳譯和同聲傳譯難度相當。在實際操作中,很多會議交替傳譯的級別都很高,對翻譯的臨場經驗和翻譯準確度有很高的要求,一般都由同傳譯員相當水平的翻譯員來完成,因此基本上和會議同傳價格相同。
問:我們是國外公司,你們如何為我們提供翻譯服務?
答:作為較早涉足國際市場的翻譯公司,我們現已與美國、歐洲、東南亞等近眾多企業保持著良好的合作關系,可以通過SKYPE、電子郵件等方式進行溝通和文件的傳遞。我公司有國際匯款賬戶,您可以方便的從國外付款。

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